The Difference Between Cannabis Indica vs Sativa
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The Difference Between Cannabis Indica vs Sativa

As more states legalize marijuana usage for both medical and recreational purposes, research into the many effects that different strains, such as indica and Sativa, can cause is gaining traction.

There are two types of cannabis: Sativa and indica. Because of this, they have a lot in common, yet distinct differences. So, we’ll know everything and compare indica vs. Sativa.

Anecdotal evidence suggests that indica is relaxing and revitalizing; however other professionals disagree, claiming that such claims are misguided and faulty assumptions. It’s not just the strain of marijuana that impacts its recreational and medicinal properties.

Learn more about the distinctions between each strain and the impacts that cannabis indica and cannabis Sativa can have in this article.

Indica vs. Sativa: Strains differ in their physical properties

To differentiate between distinct plant species, botanists employ physical characteristics such as variances in leaf form and branching patterns. Sativa and indica both derive their names from this.

Sativa plants are taller, but indicas are shorter and have a woody stem instead of a fibrous one. Sativa plants, on the other hand, take longer to mature.

On what basis these strain-specific physical variations arose, there is some debate. Some academics believe that people have bred various types, while others believe that the variances result from a combination of developing adaptations and geographic isolation.


These two cannabinoids, or cannabinoids, are two of the most studied and talked about constituents in marijuana strains. Yet, on the other hand, researchers have identified 144 distinct cannabinoids so far.

It is important to note that THC and CBD have distinct effects on the human body. Therefore, people prefer to feel that knowing whether a cannabis plant is an indica or Sativa strain gives them valuable insight into the relative concentrations of THC and CBD, but this is not necessarily the case.

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It’s also worth noting that THC and CBD are just two of the many compounds found in marijuana, each of which has its unique effects. These two compounds are discussed in greater detail in the following sections.


According to a reliable source, THC is psychotropic. To put it another way, THC is responsible for the “high” feeling most people associate with cannabis use.

People suffering from chronic pain, insomnia, or depression may find relief from their symptoms by using marijuana strains high in THC. However, these strains may cause anxiety in some users.


Even though CBD does not produce a “high,” it has positively impacted mood and mental health. Even while CBD promotes relaxation, it can act as a stimulant if not taken in moderation.


Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Tibet are among the countries that gave rise to the Cannabis indica plant.

It contains more CBD than Cannabis sativa, yet, the CBD to THC ratio is extremely close to 1:1.

Indica is commonly thought of as a mild, sedative high pain reliever. Hybrids of this strain can be found in various medical marijuana strains.

However, it is vital to keep in mind that very little scientific data supports these claims. Many experts believeTrusted Source that we should not generalize the psychoactive and other effects of different strains under the indica vs. Sativa category.


Cannabis sativa is native to the hotter climates of Southeast Asia, Central America, and the Caribbean.

As a general rule, it’s seen to be more stimulating, yet it can also cause anxiety in some people. Additionally, Sativa can benefit those suffering from melancholy, migraines, nausea, and a lack of appetite. THC is more prevalent in Sativa plants than CBD.

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Please keep in mind that some scientific study disputes these assertions. Depending on the strain, sativas can be stimulating or depressing. The same is true for indicas.


In the lengthy history of cannabis use, both cultivators and nature have generated hybrids of Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica.

If you’re looking to boost yield and balance a plant’s energizing/calming properties by breeding a hybrid, for example, you can do it.


Russia and the Hungary-Ukraine border are where Cannabis ruderalis was first discovered. It grows in the wild, and some believe it is descended from hemp plants that somehow evaded control.

Despite its lack of significant THC or CBD levels, breeders appreciate the plant’s ability to flower on its own without the help of a grower. As a result, ruderalis is often used in crossbreeding with sativa or indica strains.

Strain selection: Indica vs. Sativa

These questions have traditionally been used to determine which strain of marijuana is best for a person’s needs:

  • What makes them want to try marijuana?
  • If yes, what kind of condition is it being used to treat?
  • Is it for fun, and what type of experience are they looking for?
  • Is the narrator familiar with marijuana?

Do they want it to be a short or lengthy time?

It is now important to conduct considerably more research into the classification of various strains and their consequences.

An interview with Dr. Ethan Russo, a psychopharmacology researcher, and neurologist, published in the journal Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, presents a solid case against what people commonly believe about sativa vs. indica.

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“Indica” and “Sativa” refer to a plant’s height, branching structure, and leaf shape; researchers cannot and should not categorize cannabis based on its effects or biochemical composition.


It is important to note that the botanical qualities of sativa and indica are distinct.

Based on anecdotal data, sativa and indica are commonly thought to be more energetic and restful, but the scientific reality is much more nuanced. Cannabis’ therapeutic and recreational benefits result from a complex interplay between a wide range of chemical components.

Individual strains of cannabis may differ based on their biochemical composition, but this information must be taken into consideration while selecting a product.

There is a wide range of probable THC levels even among strains, which shows that the same holds for other cannabinoids.

Author Bio: 

Elijah Thomas is the Head of SEM at Speed Greens, the #1 Online Dispensary in Canada. Speed Greens’ mission is to bring every customer quality products at the lowest price with the best service in the industry. The company comprises passionate individuals who firmly believe in the healing aspects of marijuana and offer a user-friendly platform to find the right product for you. You’re only a few clicks away from the guaranteed delivery of the highest quality marijuana products right to your front doorstep. You’ll never have to worry again about where your cannabis products are coming from!

The Difference Between Cannabis Indica vs. Sativa



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